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Personnel, Facilities and Logistics

Contents

I. Personnel and Training
II. Support Facilities
III. Logistic Support

Personnel and Training

FBM Crew

An FBM submarine has two crews, designated BLUE and GOLD, each of about 150 officers and enlisted crewmembers. While one crew mans the ship on patrol, the other crew is at homeport, training new crew members, undergoing advanced training, and, in general, getting ready to go back to sea.

Recruiting

Each crew is made up of the highest caliber personnel. In the earlier days of the program, the main source for FBM personnel was from within the Navy. At that time, training in only the specialized POLARIS field was required. But with the subsequent development of the POSEIDON, TRIDENT I, and TRIDENT II systems, trainees to operate and maintain this well-prepared fleet are now recruited from outside the Navy as well.

A special recruiting program for high school graduates guarantees technical training in the FBM weapon system. For personnel directly concerned with the TRIDENT strategic weapon system, initial training is about 1 year, with advanced training continuing during the off-crew periods.

Training

To operate the latest in highly technological equipment, FBM personnel must be thoroughly trained in the basic theory and fundamental physical principles involved. Trainees must grasp the basics of digital computers, inertial theory, computer logic, and use of testing devices. Generally, the type of training required for the FBM program is available outside the Navy only at the college level.

Initial training for the TRIDENT weapon system is conducted at the Trident Training Facility (TTF), Kings Bay, GA. Initial training for navigation system personnel is conducted at Electronics Technician (ET) Core School, Groton, CT. FBM personnel are recruited from the graduating submarine Electronics Technician (ET) classes.

Advanced training for TRIDENT crews is accomplished at the TTF's located at Bangor, WA and Kings Bay, GA. TRIDENT training integrates the use of tactical equipment with state-of-the-art computerbased training technology to ensure sound assimilation by students of the basic theory involved in the operation and maintenance of specific subsystems. Among computer-based simulations delivered, or currently undergoing development, are products supporting launcher, fire control, navigation, and hovering/missile compensation training. These simulation products will be used in the schoolhouse and onboard the submarine in a PC environment. Early and systematic definition of training objectives supports instruction to achieve those objectives, which is then complemented by a personnel and training evaluation plan to provide feedback for individual personnel knowledge remediation and training program improvements.

Fundamental to the TRIDENT strategic weapon system training concept is the capability for immediate response to training deficiencies; potential problems in the operation, maintenance, or support of the TRIDENT weapon system; and proposed and accomplished changes in the tactical program.

The goal of this highly specialized training is to ready technicians for their assigned responsibilities the day they become part of a TRIDENT submarine crew. On patrol, an FBM submarine is literally a world unto itself; there is no calling for outside help. The submarine must be, and is, self-sufficient. Each crew member, beginning with arrival aboard the submarine, plays a vital role in ensuring the success of each TRIDENT patrol.

To support the SSGN Attack Weapons System (AWS), Fire Control Technician (FT) and Missile Technician (MT) personnel will be trained to qualify for an Ohio Class SSGN Naval Enlisted Code (NEC). Weapon Conversion training for existing crews on SSBNs 726, 727, 728, and 729 will be conducted at the TTF's located at Bangor, WA, and Kings Bay, GA, along with pipeline training for new technicians. The initial two SSGN 726 and 727 Blue and Gold crews, instructors, and Local Navy Authority (LNA) will undergo SSGN AWCS training at the NSWC/ Dahlgren Division facilities


Support Facilities

Support facilities include a missile testing site, two missile assembly facilities, material expediting and requisition control offices, and a test instrumentation ship.

Testing sites are the Air Force operated Eastern Test Range and the Navy operated Pacific Range. Naval Ordnance Test Unit, Cape Canaveral, FL, is the Strategic Systems Programs liaison to both testing sites. The Navy complex at Cape Canaveral, which supports TRIDENT II, includes launch pads and block houses, missile assembly buildings, missile checkout buildings, and associated supply, administration, and maintenance buildings. In addition, Navy pier and associated port facilities at Cape Canaveral are maintained for SSBN and surface ship use.

On 16 October 1971, Operational Test Support Unit Two (OTSU-2) was established to support Atlantic operations in the Launch Area. The mission of OTSU-2 is to provide communications, flight safety, submarine safety, and telemetry data acquisition capabilities. [In accomplishing this mission, OTSU-2 embarks in the specially configured Operational Test Instrumentation Ship USNS WATERS (T-AGS 45).].

The assembly facilities are SWFPAC for C4/D5 and SWFLANT for D5. The POLARIS Missile Facility, Atlantic (POMFLANT) completed its final C4 missile assembly in June 1992. Its approach along the Cooper River in Charleston, SC, would not accommodate OHIO Class submarines, so it was closed as an FBM facility. SWFPAC in Bangor, WA, and SWFLANT in Kings Bay, GA, provide assembly, checkout, onload, and offload of missiles.


Logistic Support

Because of the high system performance standards required for the complete FBM weapon system, every aspect of logistic support, ranging from item procurement to material disposal (including such related tasks as cataloging, allowance document development, funding, item repair, requisitioning, transportation, and configuration control), is either directed or closely monitored by the Strategic Systems Programs Logistic Support Coordinator. Logistic support covers diverse functions involving numerous military and civilian agencies, including the Defense Logistics Agency, the General Services Administration, Navy systems commands, naval stock points, shipyards, other naval commands, and supporting FBM weapon system contractors. Logistic Support also provides support for TRIDENT II equipment used by the Royal Navy, United Kingdom. FBM support is established by the provisioning process to ensure that outfitting and follow-on logistics meets the mission requirements of fleet and support activities. SSP budgets and funds initial and replenishment costs of FBM weapon system items.

In support of TRIDENT SSBNs, material requirements for both the ship and the repair efforts conducted at Kings Bay, GA, and Bangor, WA, are provided by the TRIDENT Refit Facility and the Strategic Weapons Facility located at Kings Bay and the Fleet Industrial Support Center and Strategic Weapons Facility at Bangor.

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